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Gisèle Croës – Arts d’Extrême-Orient

01 Bronze wine vessel, gu

Bronze wine vessel, gu

Late Shang dynasty (c. 1300-1046 BC)
Bronze with moss green patina, malachite encrustation
Ht 32,7 cm (12 3/4 in.)

Inscription

An inscription is cast on the interior of the base of the vessel. The first character can be read as yang 羊, the second one is uneasy to decipher, the third one can be read as che 車. So the vessel may be called yang (x) che gu 羊|貝|車 觚.

Provenance 

- John Sparks Ltd., London, 1946
- Wing Commander Lord Cunliffe, collection n° A26


- Bonhams, London, 2009, lot 3
- Gisèle Croës, 2009
- Private collection

Exhibited

Oriental Ceramic Society, Exhibition of Early Chinese Bronzes, 7 November- 15 December 1951, catalogue n° 41.

Published

Oriental Ceramic Society, Exhibition of Early Chinese Bronzes, 7 November- 15 December 1951, catalogue n° 41.
Bluett, E.E. “Chinese Works of Art in English Collections. I – Early Jades and Metal-work in the Collection of the Rt. Hon. Lord Cunliffe”, Apollo, March 1957, p. 84, fig. 9.

Similar examples

Robert W. Bagley, Shang Ritual Bronzes in the Arthur M. Sackler Collections, Arthur M. Sackler Foundation and Arthur M. Sackler Museum, Washington, D.C. and Cambridge, Mass. ,1987, n° 36.
Maud Girard-Geslan, Bronzes Archaïques de Chine, Paris, Musée national des Arts asiatiques Guimet, Trésors du Musée Guimet, 1995, pp. 93- 97.

02 Wine vessel jiao

Wine vessel, jiao

Late Shang dynasty (c. 1300-1046 BC)
Ht 23,3 cm (9 1/8 in.) - Wd 17,5 cm (6 7/8 in.)

Provenance

- Gisèle Croës
- American private collection

Exhibited and published

- Gisèle Croës, Inspired Metalwork Part II - Precious Metal Objects in Early Chinese Art, New York, March - April 2006.

Similar examples

- Rites et Festins de la Chine Antiques, Bronzes du Musée de Shanghai, Musée Cernuschi, 23 September 1998 - 10 January 1999, Paris Musées, Editions Findakly, p. 90, n° 18.
- Xueqin Li, Sarah Allan, Chinese Bronzes. A Selection from European Collections, Beijing, Cultural Relics Publishing House, 1995, ill. 21.

03 Bronze wine vessel, you

Bronze wine vessel, you

Western Zhou dynasty (c. 1046-771 BC)
Bronze with moss green patina
Ht 25 cm (9 7/8 in.) - Wd 19 cm (7 1/2 in.)

04 Bronze drum stand with three coiled dragons

Bronze drum stand with three coiled dragons

Spring and Autumn period (c. 770 - 476 BC)
Bronze with brown and green patina
Ht 36,5 cm (14 1/2 in.) - Diam. base 53 cm (21 in.)

Provenance

- Yung Tay Foundation, Taipei, since 1994

Comparable examples

- Anhui Museum collection: Anhui Shucheng Jiulidun Chunqiu mu (A Spring and Autumn Period Tomb at Jiulidun, Shucheng, Anhui), Kaogu xuebao, 1982, vol. 2, plate 19, fig. 3.
- Eskenazi, Masterpieces from Ancient China, Fortieth anniversary exhibition of ten bronzes from Shang to Han to celebrate the millenium, Millenium Exhibition 1960-2000, New York, 20 March - 1 April 2000, London, 5 June - 8 July 2000, pp. 20-25.
- Shanghai Museum collection

05 Water vessel jian

Water vessel, jian

Spring and Autumn period (c. 770-476 BC)
Bronze with green, blue and burgundy patina, malachite, azurite, cuprite encrustation
Ht 25,5 cm (10 in.) - Wd 58,5 cm (23 in.)

Provenance

- Gisèle Croës
- American private collection

Exhibited and published

- Gisèle Croës, This Life and the After-life. From Archaic Ritual Bronzes to Tang Tomb Figures, European Fine Art Fair, Maastricht 1997 - International Asian Art Fair, New York, 1997 , pp. 38-41.

Comparable example

- Jenny So, Eastern Zhou Ritual Bronzes from the Arthur M. Sackler Collections, vol. III, published by the Arthur M. Sackler Foundation in association with the Arthur M. Sackler Gallery, Smithsonian Institution, New York, 1995, fig. 60, p. 42.

06 Bronze figure

Bronze figure

Late Eastern Zhou dynasty (c. 770 - 221 BC) 

Bronze with green and burgundy patina, malachite and cuprite encrustation
Ht 16 cm (6 1/4 in.)

Examples of free standing sculpture of this period are extremely rare and are usually part of bronze lamps. The bronze figure represented here could be that of Leizu and Shen’nongsi.
Leizu is the mythical Consort of the Yellow Emperor. According to tradition, she discovered sericulture, and invented the silk loom.
Shen’nongsi is the legendary prehistoric emperor who is credited with having introduced to China the art of agriculture and is sometimes depicted with an ox head.

Provenance

- Gisèle Croës
- Private collection

Exhibited and published

- Gisèle Croës, From Ancient Kingdoms to Imperial China, International Asian Art Fair, New York, March 27 - April 1 1998, pp. 80-81.

Similar examples

- A pair of bronze figures from a tomb at Jincun, Henan province: Sotheby’s, New York, 15 september 1999, lot 51.

07 Large qiangjin lacquer altar table, Tiao'an

Large qiangjin lacquer altar table, Tiao'an

Late Ming Dynasty (1368-1644)-16th-17th century
Lg 302 cm (118 7/8 in.) - Dp 67cm (26 3/8 in.) - Ht 99 cm (39 in.)

Provenance

- Arthur M. Sackler Collections
- Christie’s New York, Important Chinese Works of Art from the Arthur M. Sackler Collections, 1 December 1994, lot 84
- Important Belgian private collection

08 Gilt bronze and cloisonné enamel ewer, duomuhu

Gilt bronze and cloisonné enamel ewer, duomuhu

Late Ming to early Qing dynasty, 17th century
Ht 60,5 cm (23 13/16 in.)
Wd 35 cm (13 3/4 in.)

Provenance

- Dutch private collection, purchased in 1928 from E. J. van Wisselingh & Co, Amsterdam
(E. J. van Wisselingh was an important art dealer in the Netherlands)

Exhibited and published

- Un rêve d'éternité, le temps long des arts d'orient, Villa Empain, Fondation Boghossian, Bruxelles, 7 octobre 2011 - 26 février 2012, p. 58.

Similar examples

- Pierre Uldry collection:
Helmut Brinker and Albert Lutz, Chinese Cloisonné, The Pierre Uldry Collection, The Asia Society Galleries, New York in association with Bamboo Publishing Ltd, London, 1989, p. 159, n° 159.

- Miss A. C. Kemp collection:
Sir Harry Garner, Chinese and Japanese Cloisonné Enamels, London, Faber and Faber, 1970, n° 64.

- The George Walter Vincent Smith Art Museum, Springfield, Mass.:
Cloisonné, Chinese Enamels from the Yuan, Ming, and Qing Dynasties, Béatrice Quette Editor, Bard Graduate Centre, January 26 - April 17 2011, p. 104; p.160, fig. 8.11; p. 270, fig. 90.

- Robert Chang collection:
Colorful Elegant, and Exquisite, a special exhibition of imperial enamel Ware from
Mr. Robert Chang's Collection, Special Exhibition Gallery, Suzhou Museum,
December 28, 2007 - May 8, 2008, pp. 104-105.

09 Pair of large double-gourd shaped vases with covers, gilt bronze and cloisonné enamel

Pair of large double-gourd shaped vases with covers, gilt bronze and cloisonné enamel

Qing dynasty, Qianlong period (1736-1795)
1. Ht 102,5 cm (40 3/8 in.) – Wd 43 cm (16 15/16 in.)
2. Ht 100 cm (39 3/8 in.) – Wd 42,5 cm (16 ¾ in.)

“ A type of cloisonné vessel that appears with astonishing frequency during the Qianlong era is the double -gourd. The double gourd calabash (hulu), as a form encompassing heaven and earth, represents an emblematic microcosm. It is the typical attribute of Daoist Magicians. Combined with a decoration including bats and the character shou, double gourds lend special emphasis to good wishes of longevity and happiness and are thus admirably suitable as birthday presents. According to the occasion or status, the gift could be a small snuff bottle or a large vase to stand on the floor.”

Provenance

- Edward R. Bacon collection (1848-1915)
Edward Rathbone Bacon (1848-1915) was the president of a railroad, lawyer and financier and art collector based in New York. He owned an extensive collection of Old Master paintings and Chinese art objects. In the catalogue of his collection published in 1919, the author John Getz wrote that Edward Bacon was "among those connoisseurs who long ago recognized the beauty and intrinsic worth of Chinese art as manifested in ceramics, cloisonné, bronze."

- French private collection

Published

- John Getz, Catalogue of Chinese Art Objets collected by Eward R. Bacon, Privately printed for Virginia P. Bacon, New York, 1919, n° 572, pl. LIX.

Comparable examples

- Catalogue of the International Exhibition of Chinese Art, 1935-1936, Royal Academy of Arts, London, n° 1995:
from the Royal Scottish Museum, Edinburgh.
- Helmut Brinker, Albert Lutz, Chinese Cloisonné, the Pierre Uldry Collection, New York, The Asia Society Galleries, n° 294.